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Grace in the Old Testament


חן  chên / khane  (H2580)
From H2603graciousness, that is, subjectively (kindnessfavor) or objectively (beauty): – favour, grace (-ious), pleasant, precious, [well-] favoured.
Total KJV Occurrences: 69; grace, 38; favour, 26; gracious, 2; pleasant, 1; precious, 1; wellfavoured, 1

חסד  chêsêd  kheh’-sed (H2617)

From H2616kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty: – favour, good deed (-liness, -ness), kindly, (loving-) kindness, merciful (kindness), mercy, pity, reproach, wicked thing. 
Total KJV Occurrences: 249; mercy, 137; kindness, 40; lovingkindness, 26; goodness, 12; mercies, 9; kindly, 5; merciful, 5; lovingkindnesses, 4; favour, 3; mercies’, 3; good, 1; goodliness, 1; pity, 1; reproach, 1; wicked, 1

General References

Gen 6:8 NKJV  But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.

Exo 33:17 NKJV  So the LORD said to Moses, “I will also do this thing that you have spoken; for you have found grace in My sight, and I know you by name.

Ezr 9:8 NKJV  And now for a little while grace has been shown from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a peg in His holy place, that our God may enlighten our eyes and give us a measure of revival in our bondage.

1Ch 16:34 NKJV  Oh, give thanks to the LORD, for He is good! For His mercy endures forever.

Ezr 3:11 NKJV  And they sang responsively, praising and giving thanks to the LORD: “For He is good, For His mercy endures forever toward Israel.” Then all the people shouted with a great shout, when they praised the LORD, because the foundation of the house of the LORD was laid.

Pro 3:34 NKJV  Surely He scorns the scornful, But gives grace to the humble.

Isa 26:10 NIV  Though grace is shown to the wicked, they do not learn righteousness; even in a land of uprightness they go on doing evil and regard not the majesty of the LORD.

Psa 36:5 NKJV  Your mercy, O LORD, is in the heavens; Your faithfulness reaches to the clouds.

Psa 84:11 NKJV  For the LORD God is a sun and shield; The LORD will give grace and glory; No good thing will He withhold From those who walk uprightly.

Psa 100:5 NKJV  For the LORD is good; His mercy is everlasting, And His truth endures to all generations.

Psa 118:1-4 NKJV  Oh, give thanks to the LORD, for He is good! For His mercy endures forever.  2  Let Israel now say, “His mercy endures forever.”  3  Let the house of Aaron now say, “His mercy endures forever.”  4  Let those who fear the LORD now say, “His mercy endures forever.”

Psa 136:1-26 NKJV  Oh, give thanks to the LORD, for He is good! For His mercy endures forever.  2  Oh, give thanks to the God of gods! For His mercy endures forever.  3  Oh, give thanks to the Lord of lords! For His mercy endures forever:  4  To Him who alone does great wonders, For His mercy endures forever;  5  To Him who by wisdom made the heavens, For His mercy endures forever;  6  To Him who laid out the earth above the waters, For His mercy endures forever;  7  To Him who made great lights, For His mercy endures forever— 8  The sun to rule by day, For His mercy endures forever;  9  The moon and stars to rule by night, For His mercy endures forever.  10  To Him who struck Egypt in their firstborn, For His mercy endures forever;  11  And brought out Israel from among them, For His mercy endures forever;  12  With a strong hand, and with an outstretched arm, For His mercy endures forever;  13  To Him who divided the Red Sea in two, For His mercy endures forever;  14  And made Israel pass through the midst of it, For His mercy endures forever;  15  But overthrew Pharaoh and his army in the Red Sea, For His mercy endures forever;  16  To Him who led His people through the wilderness, For His mercy endures forever;  17  To Him who struck down great kings, For His mercy endures forever;  18  And slew famous kings, For His mercy endures forever— 19  Sihon king of the Amorites, For His mercy endures forever;  20  And Og king of Bashan, For His mercy endures forever— 21  And gave their land as a heritage, For His mercy endures forever;  22  A heritage to Israel His servant, For His mercy endures forever.  23  Who remembered us in our lowly state, For His mercy endures forever;  24  And rescued us from our enemies, For His mercy endures forever;  25  Who gives food to all flesh, For His mercy endures forever.  26  Oh, give thanks to the God of heaven! For His mercy endures forever.

Psa 138:8 NKJV  The LORD will perfect that which concerns me; Your mercy, O LORD, endures forever; Do not forsake the works of Your hands.

Jer 31:2 ESV  Thus says the LORD: “The people who survived the sword found grace in the wilderness; when Israel sought for rest,

Salvation is from the Lord

Psa 21:1 NKJV  To the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David. The king shall have joy in Your strength, O LORD; And in Your salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!

Psa 25:5 NKJV  Lead me in Your truth and teach me, For You are the God of my salvation; On You I wait all the day.

Psa 27:1 NKJV  A Psalm of David. The LORD is my light and my salvation; Whom shall I fear? The LORD is the strength of my life; Of whom shall I be afraid?

Psa 27:7-9 NKJV  Hear, O LORD, when I cry with my voice! Have mercy also upon me, and answer me.  8  When You said, “Seek My face,” My heart said to You, “Your face, LORD, I will seek.”  9  Do not hide Your face from me; Do not turn Your servant away in anger; You have been my help; Do not leave me nor forsake me, O God of my salvation.

Psa 35:9 NKJV  And my soul shall be joyful in the LORD; It shall rejoice in His salvation.

Isa 61:10 NKJV  I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, My soul shall be joyful in my God; For He has clothed me with the garments of salvation, He has covered me with the robe of righteousness, As a bridegroom decks himself with ornaments, And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.

Salvation is received by faith in God’s mercy

Psa 13:5 NKJV  But I have trusted in Your mercy; My heart shall rejoice in Your salvation.

Psa 18:2 NKJV  The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; My God, my strength, in whom I will trust; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.

Psa 33:18 NKJV  Behold, the eye of the LORD is on those who fear Him, On those who hope in His mercy,

Psa 52:8 NKJV  But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God; I trust in the mercy of God forever and ever.

Psa 147:11 NKJV  The LORD takes pleasure in those who fear Him, In those who hope in His mercy.

Isa 12:1-2 NKJV  And in that day you will say: “O LORD, I will praise You; Though You were angry with me, Your anger is turned away, and You comfort me.  2  Behold, God is my salvationI will trust and not be afraid; ‘For YAH, the LORD, is my strength and song; He also has become my salvation.’ “

Righteousness comes from the Lord

Gen 15:6 NKJV  And he [Abraham] believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.

Psa 24:5 NKJV  He shall receive blessing from the LORD, And righteousness from the God of his salvation.

Examples of grace being shown

Sodom and Gomorrah

Although these towns were ultimately destroyed, the Lord was willing to show them grace at Abraham’s request

King Ahab

1Ki 21:25-29 NKJV  But there was no one like Ahab who sold himself to do wickedness in the sight of the LORD, because Jezebel his wife stirred him up.  26  And he behaved very abominably in following idols, according to all that the Amorites had done, whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel.  27  So it was, when Ahab heard those words, that he tore his clothes and put sackcloth on his body, and fasted and lay in sackcloth, and went about mourning.  28  And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,  29  “See how Ahab has humbled himself before Me? Because he has humbled himself before Me, I will not bring the calamity in his days. In the days of his son I will bring the calamity on his house.”


Jon 3:10 NKJV  Then God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God relented from the disaster that He had said He would bring upon them, and He did not do it.

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